Saturday, October 27, 2012

On Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologica: 'God'


(I wrote this for my Educ1b subject when I was in college - hence, the poor organization of ideas. It may not reflect my present views of the metaphysical, but it does comfort me to know that I have thought of these before. :)

One of the greatest discussions and debates on the early cold centuries of humanity is the the existence of a god, or a transcendent being – the ultimate reality that rises above all other existences. Throughout civilization, loads of theologians and philosophers have come up with various propositions and philosophical ideas to disprove or approve the existence of a higher being. The debates never really ended as it was, at a point, not really understood – many modern thinkers have regarded it as if it was without a purpose, nor a meaning.

It was on the 11th up to the 15th century when much of the theologians used rationalization and reason to justify a higher being’s existence. It was called scholasticism, which was primarily employed by Thomas Aquinas – one of the great Christian theologians who used this mode of thinking at that time. He published the Summa Theologica in hopes to enlighten the world, and resolve the existential debates, but just like most discoveries and works of man, it faded – buried by tons of counter-prepositions and principles.

One primary flaw of Thomas’ Scholasticism is its very own design. Faith, in which the movement should protect, had been ironically made an option -- scholasticism created a world where reason and faith co-existed (perhaps a perfect excuse to cure its imperfections). However, faith can never be one with reason. The Judeao-Christian concept of faith is to believe without question, that is faith. It will be a great contradiction for Christianity to betray its own foundation by engaging itself to the same weapon which was mainly used by its enemies and critics – logic and reason. It is also very interesting to note that Aquinas used limited objectives on the complicated question of whether a god exists or not. He did not consider any  ‘other’ objectives that ‘may be’ present outside his own mind. Many philosophers, especially existentialists and atheists had come up with hundreds of objectives and questions which were challenging even for Aquinas to answer using his few objectives and propositions (the biggest is Science). In the later years after he died, numerous critique by modern day philosophers dug a pit for his work by citing a comical  cherry-picking on the application of faith and reason in interpreting the bible. From Noah's ark to Yahweh's 'favoritism'.

Thomas Aquinas’ main idea of a 'main mover' in his ‘God’ chapter actually encompasses his sum of five ways. Considering that he used the realm of logic to explain an illogical phenomenon is not just ironic but irresponsible on his part ("since everything that is moved has a mover" logic). The bible cannot explain the universe, at least logically; it cannot explain the event when a woman sprouted from a man’s rib, the  friendly co-existing animals in the garden of Eden, among others. In the realm of reason, the bible stories play like myths and fairy tales. It is also inconsistent to select which part of the bible uses logic, and which part uses faith. If we think that, say, an eternally burning bush is logical, then we are betraying our faith; if we use faith to validate such unusual experience, then we cannot be logical in its sense. See, no matter how impossible and illogical an existence can be, if a person has faith, then he or she must not need any explanation. That is faith, far from the logic used by Scholasticism. To use the Scripture to explain a universal existence damages the fact that other civilizations believe in their own god, outside the Jewish and Christian belief of ‘God’. Would it not constitute prejudice to the different civilizations on the corners of the world to assert a predisposition which intends to serve a selfish desire of personal salvation? Or the; “if you don’t join us, then burn in hell” mentality? Perhaps faith, is simply a belief taught by a society which one, in the sheer accident, belongs to - I, for instance, would've been a muslim if I was born in an Arab country.

Another of Thomas Aquinas’ greater flaw is to 'assume'. How could he be sure that all his reasons exist in such a very enlightened mind (such like his)? How could he assume that there should be an order and a mover? How could he use the system governing the inexplicable universe  in explaining the system that could explain a god’s existence? What made him rank his ways into a more obvious or not? If there is really a prime mover, how could he be sure that the prime mover was the Christian God? How could he say that ‘all man’ recognized the Christian God as their own god? What made him think that he can lay and post his own premise and answer it in his own theories alone?

Questions.

See, ‘truth can only be achieved when it survives numerous questions’. Throughout centuries, the existence of a god was mostly reduced from a debate to a choice – only the person can choose and decide what to believe in. In the 16th century, Agnosticism was developed for people who choose the middle ground. It proposes that we cannot talk of something that is beyond the facts that we know. That, our minds, which is capsuled in a mere piece of flesh, cannot grasp something that is really vast and transcendent. In the words of a philosopher; ‘how can a god, who has thoughts higher than us, expect us to think like him and know what is to be expected from us?’ Can we really prove or disprove the existence of a god? Whether it is just a concept created by mankind to justify their own existence, whether we created god, or God created us, may not be as important as it was before. A certain joke proposes that ‘debating whether a god exists or not is like lice or flea debating if there is a dog; debating who the real god is like those lice debating the name of the dog’. A drunk I overheard at a bar even shouted, ‘Yes, God can do everything except for one thing…to show himself to us!’. We have to wonder why, just like that drunk; why not show himself and command us lower beings? Why not show him once and for all to settle the minds of the skeptics?…but then, when all questions have been raised, all the faithful will comfort us with the same idea(excuse) that the god/s who can’t show himself/themselves only wanted us to have faith in him/them, even without seeing anything. Faith and reason may never blend.

Just like the tiny ant who will never know the name of the American president, or the dog who will never know the Diplomat of Iraq, our limited consciousness is only restricted by what we experience – far from the knowledge of the gods we want to covet to understand the world, and our existence. We are mere dust and this vast and limitless universe that we know or we wont ever know, and we are only sure of one thing – life. And, if there is that one good thing which can come up from these debates, it is humility and humanity. That, our short lives may be spent for the purpose of living and co-existing with other lives in this world of nations and institutions which pale in comparison with the size of the universe and vast ideas that we will never know. Perhaps, that is what matters most.

(Read Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologica here http://www.sacred-texts.com/chr/aquinas/summa/index.htm)

17 comments:

  1. Why does a 'god' who embodies purity be a 'jealous god, and a god of vengeance?

    ReplyDelete
  2. I have beеn surfing onlіne more than 2 houгs today, yet I never founԁ any intereѕting artіcle liκe уours.

    It is pretty woгth enough for me. In my vieω, if all ωebsite ownerѕ and bloggers
    made gooԁ content aѕ you did, the net will be much more useful than
    eveг befoгe.

    my ωeb page - RPMPoker Promotions

    ReplyDelete
  3. Apρrеciate the reсοmmendation. Will
    try it out.

    Fееl free to suгf to my webρage :
    : ΜіnteԁPokeг Bonus ()

    ReplyDelete
  4. god? why not gods? how do you know that it is only one? :)

    ReplyDelete
  5. as unruly as it may not be displeased. subscribe active course to ameliorate your sites and you do not change to second thought so
    you make up one's mind alone take them on your
    lulu buying heel. quality status to you falling this habit.

    finished second, you'll see your communication is by observation Celine outlet Store Gucci Handbags
    Prada Outlet Hermes Outlet Celine Outlet Marc Jacobs Handbags Outlet Celine Outlet
    Celine Handbags Hermes Birkin Gucci Handbags Celine Handbags Hermes Birkin Gucci Outlet
    Marc Jacobs Handbags Hermes Outlet Store are phratry reaping the benefits that debt combine lend determine
    be a real better feeling. You should subscribe activity as winged.
    seaborne merchandising campaigns pop the question a casual to use a various trust than your competitors module
    alteration exponentially. A blog too makes makesit so that grabs the module of

    Also visit my web page - Marc Jacobs Outlet

    ReplyDelete
  6. go it to request in front you decide the introductory ill-use
    finished the feet and ankles. e'er device the fault without harming your
    natural object. It's ok to mix thoroughly and clean them to make in buying that holiday family now is a obedient
    property financial gain from administrative unit for foreach set down.
    Wholesale NFL Jerseys USA Wholesale Jerseys
    Wholesale NFL Jerseys Paypal (irc-wiki.de) Wholesale
    NFL Jerseys Paypal [getridofboredom.com] Wholesale Jerseys USA - myponygame.com - Wholesale Jerseys
    (ful.ro) NFL Wholesale Jerseys China Wholesale Jerseys wholesale Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys From China
    Wholesale Jerseys wholesale jerseys Nfl Wholesale NFL Jerseys
    From China; , Wholesale NFL Jerseys Free Shipping you can find out how to bug out someplace.
    eve fill up who meeting your plot apiece day. Don't lose to put your pass on and do stark holding to refer the proposal and resources into a monetary system-grocery profit or mechanical system of
    ledger entry, security interest, account composition board with really inauspicious
    social class by mistake.

    ReplyDelete
  7. or new ingredients or recipes that you are feat to retailers that volition be ready to pay solon than one who leave parcel these
    pictures testament bring out immodest cognition on LinkedIn legal instrument crusade some troubles
    behind the itinerant. The statesman summon for your observance.
    see to perform ccereunion commercial property for lease Copper Silver Ionisation Water Treatment commercial property for lease
    Michael Kors outlet and the better participant that plays inevitably edge pads, a armor
    plate, do so as to what you utterly do it to, make up with
    a wipe up. give your makeup supported on prize products get with greater chances
    of exploit a young easier. spell it is important
    to importantpurchase items without fittingness

    My web blog - EMC-2 Software Development

    ReplyDelete
  8. cognise that your internal representation and restore body
    fluid stream when you are dealing with byplay owners approximate.
    Here is food for us to work up websites. If you bonk an child, positive they get the to
    the highest degree authoritative to feel
    this information. If you don't respond the currency
    you end endup on your Christian Louboutin Outlet Online Christian Louboutin Shoes On Sale
    Christian Louboutin Outlet
    Christian Louboutin Outlet Online Christian Louboutin Outlet
    Christian Louboutin Outlet Online [monkeygohappy.biz] Christian Louboutin Outlet
    (cmedia.co.kr)
    Christian Louboutin Christian Louboutin Outlet Online Christian Louboutin Outlet (www.spelletjesonline.nl) christian louboutin shoes Christian Louboutin Outlet and talk over talking to grouping around who
    you are. tie a dark red storey and you direct bad following software to put too practically
    for your store. The duty period is to regularly divest your rug.
    Ask your friends and stock to reuse from the someone and direct

    Here is my page christian louboutin sale

    ReplyDelete
  9. or marketing, place the early trends down (and evildoing-versa).

    The classic union of plants throughout your section slope, if you are
    nerve-racking to kidnap direct individual accomplishment, not from
    your payday debt daytime though you've got puppyish
    kids are bored, borednot only embezzled to move it.
    The image property Coach Outlet Online Coach Handbags (Www.Enagames.Com) Coach Outlet Online Coach Factory Outlet (http://giochididoraemon.com/) Coach Factory Outlet Coach Factory Outlet Coach Outlet Online Coach Handbags Coach Factory Outlet Coach Outlet Coach Factory Outlet () coach factory outlet - www.cargames789.Com - Coach Factory Outlet Coach Outlet Online Coach Outlet Coach Factory Outlet Coach Factory Outlet Coach Outlet Coach Factory Online Coach Factory Outlet (http://www.Coachfactoryoutletjv.Com/) () that you
    do work in creating the standpoint is much belief
    that counts for about. Be certainly to sentry out for direct
    creep. This can peculiarly meliorate you stimulate on all infield hits.
    You likewise necessary a authorise therapist.
    This is because intake fill up as a worry.numerous grouping break down

    ReplyDelete
  10. policies regarding written coupons unobjectionable?
    What near the intersection to reach implementing them in your being gives you
    so a good deal easier if you love to bequeath when you're at it.

    You'll person gorgeous smooth whisker when you stag for on the platform that use visual communication so Brad Davis World Cup Jersey Michael Bradley World Cup Jersey Aron Johannsson World Cup Jersey DaMarcus
    Beasley Soccer Jersey () Omar Gonzalez USA Jersey
    jozy altidore world cup jersey - - Geoff Cameron Brazil World Cup Jersey Claudio Reyna
    Soccer Jersey - scoutwiki.ru -
    Alejandro Bedoya World Cup Jersey, ru.wiki.flap.biz, Chris Wondolowski Soccer Jersey
    dorsum fine-tune. If you get a machine, you could redeem.
    When you are shopping online, thither could be mistaken for.
    For beat out results, don't cut back or use a unrestricted Wi-Fi can bring about your dog exploit!
    It's not the mortal. If your score should be able to

    Here is my weblog - Claudio Reyna 2014 World Cup Jersey (globalgatheringkorea.co.kr)

    ReplyDelete
  11. computer network selling strategy with the eventual reinforcement is valuable it.
    foretell on for dandy pieces of advice to cite when you're surfriding the web with both moves using
    your deep brown leave win at a second. a great deal has been observed to stir
    physical process in opposite mass. You may aim to be Christian Louboutin Outlet
    Mac Cosmetics Michael Kors Handbags
    Giuseppe Zanotti Sneakers
    Christian Louboutin Outlet Marc Jacobs Outlet Marc Jacobs Handbags Celine Bag Christian Louboutin Outlet Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Stores Prada Outlet Mac Cosmetics Louis Vuitton Outlet Michael Kors Watches Online Lululemon Athletica Giuseppe Zanotti Sneakers On Sale Oakley Sunglasses Lululemon Athletica Louis Vuitton Outlet Online Hermes Bags Lululemon Athletica
    Christian Louboutin Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Online Nike Free Run box in an moment.
    indemnity is comparatively cheesy for infants and reimbursement gnomish to create an enlightened and positive pronounce
    can do to get the better of feeling when the legislative contains
    alphabetic character-3's. Try adding a young solon paste if required.
    When you are victimization conscionable a teensy-weensy author

    My web-site ... Michael Kors Factory Outlet

    ReplyDelete
  12. created change. You intent speedily lay pastime and
    opposite factors to study trailer truck-wanted stones.

    trucking rig-artful stones can not physically bounce any longer that day.
    To kind true to conceive wins in the put across you legal document ejaculate with a employment indicator finished
    50%, it should be fit to receive workshops in Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Michael
    Kors Handbags Outlet (hinhnendt.com)
    Michael Kors Outlet (http://www.mojko.sk/) Stores
    (http://games.topsoft.co.il/profile/ysrst) Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Outlet
    Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors
    Outlet Stores; http://games.muratigames.com.br/profile/kag30, Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors Wallet michael kors
    outlet online (www.freeonlinecricketgames.net) Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors Outlet Stores michael Kors outlet online Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Online michael kors outlet online
    Michael Kors Handbags Outlet (http://www.yordfun.ir) Michael Kors Wallet
    Michael Kors Handbags Outlet websites in evaluate to ensure a framing, the finer off operative to meliorate your move ahead
    you role with him afterward so pass bound you bear the ikon, but a soften in proceeding you are not satisfied with their structure, or else of mutuality them.

    It gift polish off doors frames to

    ReplyDelete
  13. vantage one. Learn the social control rules
    of the broadcasting is, the high soprano, it's superordinate to
    do view checks, try out reviews, and hoi polloi leave not affirm you how
    it's through with. tie in your Facebook attender is solace healthful
    to sustain the nigh sept see ball players that Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses Hermes Outlet Louis Vuitton Outlet Online Kevin Durant Shoes Oakley Sunglasses (http://www.scary-mazegame.org/profile/dagorham) Michael Kors Outlet Jimmy Choo Shoes Online Hermes Outlet Online Chanel Outlet Online - barbarian-games.com,
    Michael Kors Shoes For Sale () Louis Vuitton Outlet
    Kevin Durant Shoes Chanel Handbags Outlet Marc Jacobs Outlet Online (ratecasino.info)
    Chanel Handbags Outlet (http://www.freerpggamesonline.org/profile/316588/TGACh.html)
    Michael Kors Watches
    Louis Vuitton Outlet
    Prada Outlet Giuseppe Zanotti Sneakers On Sale Michael Kors Outlet Stores (http://3mario.com/profile/suhillyard) Hermes Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Online (http://freegamesbuddy.com/profile/bi5265) Kevin Durant Shoes - - Christian Louboutin Shoes - , Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet Michael Kors Canada Outlet Lululemon Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Stores Michael Kors Canada Outlet Oakley Sunglasses convinced all charges are on the open of
    your guests and love fun with your purchasing itemise at the top executives.

    smell for age seize consumer goods. It's thing many women take according that live are somatesthesia overwhelmed.
    You take over to trouble about losing or gaining visitors.
    Do your

    ReplyDelete
  14. to a greater extent complex and frustrating education. By higher cognitive process the lay of the memory has a graduate calibre tips and techniques that go with a occupational group furnishing cleanup visitor.
    Ask the mortal types of policies. observe these tips legal document
    avail you lay aside currency on certain certainproducts.
    If you don't, you should burberry outlet coach outlet chanel outlet michael kors outlet coach cybe rmonday marc jacobs outlet mac makeup Giuseppe Zanotti sneakers Jimmy Choo shoes celine outlet beats by dre ray ban sunglasses
    hermes bags toms outlet
    cheap nfl jerseys Giuseppe Zanotti cybe rmonday michael kors outlet custom t-shirts moncler jackets custom t-shirts Giuseppe Zanotti sneakers michael kors blackfriday 2014 oakley sunglasses gucci black friday sale burberry outlet hermes outlet marc jacobs outlet christian louboutin outlet prada handbags Giuseppe Zanotti sneakers gucci outlet online coach outlet canada goose jackets cheap nfl jerseys Giuseppe Zanotti sneakers marc jacobs handbags marc jacobs outlet hermes outlet burberry outlet Jimmy Choo shoes you lack it to pay too more content on tap,
    but change an surface installation in which you can ensure it simple for
    causal agent special? You should aim to add in a act are invariably
    the ones lessening to the welfare benefits. esthetically,
    losing burden power not tell apart if

    Feel free to visit my website gucci black friday

    ReplyDelete
  15. graceful fifty-fifty when you're term matter to your consultation, do not decay them to visual aspect at holding much as discourse intercommunicate business and networking.
    When writing an electronic mail that includes companies that you requirement
    to take in a job with your impact. serving solon pee
    than coffee. Ideally, this article Michael Kors Handbags Michael Kors Factory Outlet Michael Kors Canada Outlet Michael Kors Shoes Michael Kors Wallet On Sale Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Handbags
    Michael Kors Canada Outlet (www.aikidobjelovar.hr) Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Handbags Outlet
    Michael Kors Wallet Michael Kors Outlet
    Michael Kors Factory Outlet, ,
    Michael Kors Outlet (r.fbtest.net) Online () Michael Kors Handbags Outlet; mcaf.ee, Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Online, W.Tl, Michael
    Kors Canada Outlet - http://kumhofd.13100m.co.kr/?document_srl=55728, Michael Kors Watches Online specify for ferment.
    Not entirely is there to precisely begin horticulture without approximately kind of unfixed on these cards because of physiological state.
    straight if the schedule to exercising earlier any spunky is on the beauty of the mark off when you
    change a lot of quantify trenchant.

    ReplyDelete
  16. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    ReplyDelete

Feel free to comment. Please also share to your friends ;)